World literature - Wikipedia


conjectures on world literature

56 nlr 1 is simultaneously one, and unequal: with a core, and a periphery (and a semiperiphery) that are bound together in a relationship of growing inequality. One, and unequal: one literature (Weltliteratur, singular, as in Goethe and Marx), or perhaps, better, one world literary system (of. Conjectures on World Literature Moretti, Franco New Left Review; Jan 1, ; 1, ProQuest pg. World literature: one and unequal I will borrow this initial hypothesis from the world-system school of economic history, for which international capitalism is a system that 1 I address the problem of the great unread in a companion piece to this article, ‘The Slaughterhouse of Literature’, forthcoming in a special issue of Modern Language.

Franco Moretti, Conjectures on World Literature, NLR 1, January–February

Franco Moretti born in Sondrio is an Italian literary scholar, trained as a Marxist critic, whose work focuses on the history of the novel as a "planetary form".

He was Danily C. His recent work is notable for importing, not without controversy, [1] quantitative methods from the social sciences into domains that have traditionally belonged to the humanities. To date, his books have been translated into fifteen languages. Moretti earned his doctorate in modern literature from the La Sapienza University of Rome conjectures on world literaturegraduating summa cum laude.

He was professor of comparative literature at Columbia University before being appointed to the Danily C. There, he founded the Stanford Center for the Study of the Novel. Inhe was named to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He also has been a fellow at the Wissenschaftskolleg zu Berlin, conjectures on world literature.

He is a frequent contributor to the New Left Review and a member of Retorta Bay Area-based group of radical intellectuals. He is also a scientific adviser to the French Ministry of Research. Moretti retired from Stanford in and now lives in Switzerland. Moretti has made several significant contributions to literary history and theory. While the majority of literary critics of the s—s were concerned with relatively subjective interpretations of literature, Moretti offered a variety of materialistic, conjectures on world literature approaches to literature and other arts.

His major contributions were in the domains of literary geography which is now largely associated with Moretti's name [8] and digital humanities; he also contributed to combining literary studies with the world-systems analysis and Darwinian theory of evolution. Moretti has coined several concepts that are now widely used in the humanities, the main of which is distant reading.

Distant reading has the opposite goal: the scholar should "step back" from an individual text to see a larger picture: the whole field of literary production, a genre system, etc. Moretti's scientific work has largely focused on European bourgeois culture, beginning with The Way of the World.

The Bildungsroman in European Culturesecond enlarged ed. Modern Epic. The World System from Conjectures on world literature to Garcia Marquezbroadened the analysis in space and time, examining texts that transcend national cultures in trying to represent the planetary system of capitalism: Faust, Moby-Dick, Wagner's Ring, UlyssesThe Waste Land, and the great narratives of Latin-American magic realism.

More recently, The Bourgeois. Moretti has offered a new — cartographic — perspective on literature in his Atlas of the European Novel. On the other hand, Moretti suggested studying the geography of literary economics: how and why translations of novels spread across Europe, how book selection in small town libraries differ from book selection in the libraries in large cities, etc. The Literary Lab continued this direction of work, but this time — quantifying literature via the tools of digital text analysis.

Those methods include counting word frequenciestopic modelingbuilding character networks, [17] etc. The results of Lab's work were published as Pamphlets [18] of the Literary Lab the history of how Lab arrived at this unusual publication format is described by Moretti in Pamphlet 12 [19].

Stanford Literary Lab became one of the pioneering groups pursuing computational criticism, conjectures on world literature, and a visible actor in the new field of digital humanities. Equally novel was the concept of the humanities "lab", as it is mostly associated with hard sciences.

In many of his works, Moretti relies on one strand of historical macrosociology — world-systems analysis — and its main theorist, Immanuel Wallerstein. World-systems analysis divides all countries into three groups: core, semi-peripheral, and peripheral. Core countries dominate the world by having a monopoly over some kind of products, which they export to the peripheral and semi-peripheral countries.

Over time, the latter countries learn how to produce the much needed products themselves, but core countries usually acquire monopolies over other important products, conjectures on world literature, and so the structure of the world-system remains relatively stable, conjectures on world literature.

Certain countries have monopoly over producing film or literary forms, while other countries import those forms. According to Moretti, in the 19th century England and France constituted the core of conjectures on world literature literary world-system, [21] exporting novels worldwide; today, Hollywoodwhich exports movies has a similar role.

Literary Darwinism becomes an influential movement in 20th century literary criticism. In their wake, Moretti used the techniques of "distant reading": statistics and computation to study literary evolution.

The interest in Darwin's theory in the humanities coincided with the emergence in the s and s of the new research domain called cultural evolution. In NovemberMoretti was accused of sexual assault, in a Facebook post, by a woman with whom he had had a relationship 32 years earlier [25] [26] [27] [28]. He denied the accusation, stating the relationship had been consensual. Intwo new allegations of Moretti sexually harassing graduate students have surfaced: one from Jane Penner, a former doctoral student in English who attended a summer seminar at Dartmouth when she said she had to set a dog loose to get Moretti to stop propositioning her and leave her house late at night, and another incident described by multiple sources who said Moretti lost a job opportunity at Johns Hopkins after a graduate student reported that he touched her inappropriately.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. New Left Review. II Wissenschaftskolleg zu. Retrieved The New York Conjectures on world literature. Los Angeles Review of Books. Mapping Literature: Towards a Geography of Fiction. Cartography and Art.

Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography. Distant Reading. Die Zeit in German. Atlas of the European Novel, — Stnaford Literary Lab Pamphlets. Pamphlets of Stanford Literary Lab. Cultural Evolution. Chicago University Press. Not By Genes Alone. The Stanford Daily. Stanford Daily. The Daily Californian. The Chronicle of Higher Education, conjectures on world literature. Melville House Publishing. Retrieved January 14, National Book Critics Circle. January 14, March 13, July Schuessler, Jennifer October 30, Namespaces Article Talk.

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Project MUSE - Close Reading: A Preface


conjectures on world literature


Conjectures on World Literature Moretti, Franco New Left Review; Jan 1, ; 1, ProQuest pg. Download Citation on ResearchGate | 'Conjectures on World Literature' | This paper proposes a new method for the study of world literature. Moretti assumes that within modernity all cultural. Franco Moretti (born in Sondrio) is an Italian literary scholar, trained as a Marxist critic, whose work focuses on the history of the novel as a "planetary form". He is currently a senior advisor at EPFL, the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne, was Danily C. and Laura Louise Bell Professor and Professor of Comparative Literature in the Department of English.